Jupiter is one of the brightest objects visible to the naked eye in the night sky, and has been known to ancient civilizations since before recorded history. Distance from Jupiter: Io is the fifth moon from Jupiter. The close proximity to their stars and high surface-atmosphere temperatures resulted in the moniker "hot Jupiters". Further Research. Jupiter is hot, hot, hot – but it shouldn't be. Start studying Astronomy Exam 3. One of the most prominent features in the Solar System is Jupiter’s Red Spot. The close orbital distance explains why it is "hot." What is Jupiter's Great Red Spot? Ceres / ˈ s ɪər iː z / (minor-planet designation: 1 Ceres) is the largest object in the main asteroid belt that lies between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter.With a diameter of 940 km (580 mi), Ceres is both the largest of the asteroids and the only dwarf planet inside Neptune's orbit. a planet that is Jupiter-like in size but orbits very close to its star. Overall, what do current data suggest about planetary types in other planetary systems? Winds inside this storm reach speeds of about 270 miles per hour. Nobody knows when the Great Red Spot first appeared on Jupiter, but it has been seen on Jupiter ever since people started looking through telescopes about 400 years ago. It is the 25th-largest body in the Solar System within the orbit of Neptune. What do we mean by a "hot Jupiter"? Source: quizlet.com. The Great Red Spot has been there for a while, but scientists still struggle identify what causes its swirl of reddish hues. Its average orbital distance is about 262,000 miles (422,000 km). Planets come in a wider range of types than the planets in our solar system. www.space.com. Hot Jupiters are a class of gas giant exoplanets that are inferred to be physically similar to Jupiter but that have very short orbital periods (P < 10 days). Jupiter's Great Red Spot is more than twice the size of Earth! www.universetoday.com. Jupiter's Great Red Spot is Also Red Hot, Study Shows. Jupiter is the fifth planet from the Sun and the largest in the Solar System.It is a gas giant with a mass one-thousandth that of the Sun, but two-and-a-half times that of all the other planets in the Solar System combined. And scientists now think they have caught a culprit red-handed. Io takes 1.77 Earth-days to orbit Jupiter. Jupiter's atmosphere is one of the key science targets for NASA's Juno mission, which began orbiting the planet in 2016. The spacecraft is looking to … Hot Jupiters are gas giant planets, much like Saturn or Jupiter, that orbit extraordinarily close to their stars, at about one-tenth of the distance from Mercury to the sun. Jupiter's Great Red Spot Viewed by Voyager I. www.nasa.gov. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Come in a wider range of types than the planets in our System! The key science targets for NASA 's Juno mission, which began orbiting planet... 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